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Bildungsroman/catharsis

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Bildungsroman/catharsis

Post  Giulia on November 19th 2008, 8:26 pm

The Bildungsroman ( "bildungs" means formation, and "roman" means novel)
Originated in Germanyin the second half of the 18th century and has since become one of the major narrative genres in European and Anglo-American literature. It’s the novel of personal development or of education
The Bildungsroman grew in the nineteenth century as a period of class conflict, social change and educational reforms throughout Europe and Britain which challenge and change the relationship between the individual and society.
Bildungsroman is the protagonist’s actual or metaphorical journey from youth to maturity. The aim reconciliation between the desire for individuation and the demands of adaptation to a given social reality.
Many novels dealing with psychological charachcterisation and questions of identitiy and characterisation use Bildungsroman elements.
1 The protagonist grows from child to adult.
2 The protagonist embarks upon his or her journey for a
reason. A discontent of early stage, drive him away from home or family setting.
3 The process of maturation is long, gradual and arduous, involving repeated conflicts between the hero's needs and desires and society
4. Eventually, the protagonist is accommodated into the
society. The novel ends with the protagonist's assessment of himself and his new place in that society.
The noun “Bildung” is a novel of development or “novel of education” Throughout the Middle Ages and the early modern period, “bildunge” was a primarily theological term used to describe the relationship between man and G-d. By the mid-eighteenth century Bildung had assimilated the humanist-philosophical ideas of the Age of Enlightenment and become a secular term.
These are some examples.

http://rds.yahoo.com/_ylt=A0WTb_jYlyRJ4V4ANlqjzbkF/SIG=12du92s77/EXP=1227221336/**http%3A//www.caratulasdecine.com/Caratulas/Harry_potter.jpg


http://rds.yahoo.com/_ylt=A0WTb_x0mCRJQhoB9wWjzbkF/SIG=13qlkl5i3/EXP=1227221492/**http%

http://rds.yahoo.com/_ylt=A0WTbx60mCRJAuYARvOjzbkF/SIG=12tcqk4k2/EXP=1227221556/**http%

Catharsis
Catharsis is a Greek word meaning "purification", "cleansing" or "clarification."
In Drama
It refers to a sudden emotional climax that evokes overwhelming feelings of great sorrow, pity, laughter or any other extreme change in emotion, resulting revitalization for the audience.

http://rds.yahoo.com/_ylt=A0WTefOGnCRJHhsBnG2jzbkF/SIG=11n32lvbo/EXP=1227222534/**http%
Using the term "catharsis" to refer to a form of emotional cleansing was first done by the Greek philosopher Aristotle in his work Poetics. It refers to the sensation, or literary effect, that would help the audience overcome a tragedy.. Since before Poetics catharsis was purely a medical term, Aristotle is employing it as a medical metaphor. "It is the human soul that is purged of its excessive passions Catharsis is pleasurable because the audience felt astonishment, from the fact that there existed those who could suffer a worse fate than them was to them a relief. Any translator attempting to interpret Aristotle's meaning of the term should take into account that Poetics is largely a response to Plato's claim that poetry encourages men to be hysterical and uncontrolled. In response to Plato, Aristotle maintains that poetry makes them less, not more, emotional, by giving a periodic and healthy outlet to their feelings.
In contemporary aesthetics catharsis may also refer to any emptying of emotion experienced by an audience in relation to drama. This ecstasies can be perceived in comedy, melodrama and most other dramatic forms. Deliberate attempts, on political or aesthetic bases, to subvert the structure of catharsis in theatre have occurred.
http://rds.yahoo.com/_ylt=A0WTefcZnSRJxTYBmd6jzbkF/SIG=12dmf610t/EXP=1227222681/**http%3A//www.gryphonent.com/Resources/aristotlespoetics.png
Bertold Brecht viewed catharsis as a pap for the bourgeois theatre audience, and designed dramas which left significant emotions unresolved, as a way to force social action upon the audience. In Brecht's theory, the absence of a cathartic resolving action would require the audience to take political action in the real world in order to fill the emotional gap they experience. This technique can be seen as early as his agit-prop play The Measures Taken.
http://rds.yahoo.com/_ylt=A0WTefbSnSRJ8HYAYfyjzbkF/SIG=14mgo18is/EXP=1227222866/**http%3A//www.dividedbypolitics.com/political_ecards/albums/The%2520Black%2520Commentator/normal_141_cartoon_health_care_large_bc.jpg
Thee Aithiopis, an epic in the Trojan War cycle, narrates the purification of Achilles after his murder of Thersites. Catharsis describes the result of means taken to cleanse away blood-guilt—"blood is purified through blood" (Burkert 1992:56)
http://rds.yahoo.com/_ylt=A0WTefSGnyRJo5cACACjzbkF/SIG=126i3fjo9/EXP=1227223302/**http%3A//www.emich.edu/abroad/Greece/TrojanHorse.jpg
Religion
Purging can concern body and soul; concerns efforts made to come to terms with sin and guilt, penance such as by chastisement in modern use of that word, the meaning of punishment has taken over from the original sense of purification.

In medical use:
The term catharsis has been used for centuries as a medical term meaning a "purging." Most commonly in a medical context, it euphemistically refers to a purging of the bowels. A drug, herb, or other agent administered as a strong laxative is termed a cathartic.
The term catharsis has also been adopted by modern psychotherapy, particularly Freudian psychoanalysis, to describe the act of expressing deep emotions often associated with events in the individual's past which have never before been adequately expressed. Catharsis is also an emotional release associated with talking about the underlying causes of a problem or seeing a dream.
http://rds.yahoo.com/_ylt=A0WTefjOnyRJ2FUBMwGjzbkF/SIG=12gq9k3hc/EXP=1227223374/**http%3A//members.britannica.co.kr/spotlights/classic/freud.jpg

Giulia
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